Physical attractiveness

Physical attractiveness is the perception of the physical traits of an individual human person as pleasing or beautiful. It can include various implications, such as sexual attractiveness, cuteness, similarity and physique. Judgment of attractiveness of physical traits is partly universal to all human cultures, partly dependent on culture or society or time period, partly biological, … Continue reading Physical attractiveness

Similar or Reliable

Principles of similarity and complementarity seem to be contradictory on the surface. In fact, they agree on the dimension of warmth. Both principles state that friendly people would prefer friendly partners. The importance of similarity and complementarity may depend on the stage of the relationship. Similarity seems to carry considerable weight in initial attraction, while … Continue reading Similar or Reliable

Theory of Attraction

Studies show that complementary interaction between two partners increases their attractiveness to each other. Complementary partners preferred closer interpersonal relationship. Couples who reported the highest level of loving and harmonious relationship were more dissimilar in dominance than couples who scored lower in relationship quality. Mathes and Moore (1985) found that people were more attracted to … Continue reading Theory of Attraction

Close Relationship Effect

The propinquity effect relies on the observation that: “The more we see and interact with a person, the more likely he or she is to become our friend or sexual partner.” This effect is very similar to the mere exposure effect in that the more a person is exposed to a stimulus, the more the … Continue reading Close Relationship Effect

Exposure effect

The exposure effect, also known as the familiarity principle, states that the more a person is exposed to something, the more they come to like it. This applies equally to both objects and people. A clear illustration is in a 1992 study: the researchers had four women of similar appearance attend a large college course … Continue reading Exposure effect

Quality of voice and the Attitudes

In addition to physical looks, quality of voice has also been shown to enhance interpersonal attraction. Oguchi and Kikuchi (1997) had 25 female students from one university rank the level of vocal attraction, physical attraction, and overall interpersonal attraction of 4 male students from another university. Vocal and physical attractiveness had independent effects on overall … Continue reading Quality of voice and the Attitudes

Evolutionary Theories

The evolutionary theory of human interpersonal attraction states that opposite-sex attraction most often occurs when someone has physical features indicating that he or she is very fertile. Considering that one primary purpose of conjugal/romantic relationships is reproduction, it would follow that people invest in partners who appear very fertile, increasing the chance of their genes … Continue reading Evolutionary Theories

Theory and aspects of Chemistry

In the context of relationships, chemistry is a simple emotion that two people get when they share a special connection. It is very early in one’s relationship that they can intuitively work out whether they have positive or negative chemistry. Some people describe chemistry in metaphorical terms, such as “like peanut butter and jelly”, or … Continue reading Theory and aspects of Chemistry

Social and Cultural Aspects

Byrne, Clore and Worchel (1966) suggested that people with similar economic status are likely to be attracted to each other. Buss & Barnes (1986) also found that people prefer their romantic partners to be similar in certain demographic characteristics, including religious background, political orientation and socio-economic status. Researchers have shown that interpersonal attraction was positively … Continue reading Social and Cultural Aspects

Physical Appearance

The matching hypothesis proposed by sociologist Erving Goffman suggests that people are more likely to form long standing relationships with those who are equally matched in social attributes, like physical attractiveness. The study by researchers Walster and Walster supported the matching hypothesis by showing that partners who were similar in terms of physical attractiveness expressed … Continue reading Physical Appearance


A 2014 study suggested that people who tend to portray positive personality traits such as kindness are typically seen as more attractive than people who portray negative personality traits. Similarity attraction effectThe proverb “birds of a feather flock together” has been used to illustrate that similarity is a crucial determinant of interpersonal attraction. Studies about … Continue reading Personality

Causes and Effects of Attraction

There are many factors that lead to interpersonal attraction. Studies suggest that all factors involve social reinforcement. The most frequently studied include physical attractiveness, propinquity (frequency of interaction), familiarity, similarity, complementarity, reciprocal liking, and reinforcement. The impact of familiarity, for example, is shown in the way physical proximity and interaction enhances cohesiveness, a social concept … Continue reading Causes and Effects of Attraction

Interpersonal attraction

Interpersonal attraction as a part of social psychology is the study of the attraction between people which leads to the development of platonic or romantic relationships. It is distinct from perceptions such as physical attractiveness, and involves views of what is and what is not considered beautiful or attractive. Within the study of social psychology, … Continue reading Interpersonal attraction

Catherine Deneuve

Catherine Fabienne Dorléac (born 22 October 1943), known professionally as Catherine Deneuve is a French actress as well as an occasional singer, model, and producer, considered one of the greatest European actresses. She gained recognition for her portrayal of icy, aloof, and mysterious beauties for various directors, including Jacques Demy, Luis Buñuel, François Truffaut, and … Continue reading Catherine Deneuve

Kristen Stewart

Kristen Jaymes Stewart (born April 9, 1990) is an American actress and filmmaker. The recipient of various accolades, including a British Academy Film Award, a César Award, in addition to a Screen Actors Guild Award, a Golden Globe Award and a Critics’ Choice Award nomination, she was the world’s highest-paid actress in 2012. Born and … Continue reading Kristen Stewart

79th Golden Globe Awards

The 79th Golden Globe Awards will honor the best in film and American television of 2021, as chosen by the Hollywood Foreign Press Association (HFPA). It is scheduled for January 9, 2022. The nominations were announced on December 13, 2021 by rapper Snoop Dogg and HFPA president Helen Hoehne. Various media organizations (including regular U.S. … Continue reading 79th Golden Globe Awards

Alexithymia and emotions

Alexithymia is a personality trait characterized by the subclinical inability to identify and describe emotions experienced by oneself. The core characteristic of alexithymia is marked dysfunction in emotional awareness, social attachment, and interpersonal relation. Furthermore, people with high levels of alexithymia can have difficulty distinguishing and appreciating the emotions of others, which is thought to … Continue reading Alexithymia and emotions

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